Guide to Gabion Stones

Gabions are a popular and practical way to add visual appeal to your landscape. This guide to gabion stones will help you understand gabion structures and the types of stones you can use.

What are Gabion Stones?

Gabions are cages, cylinders, or boxes filled with rocks. Gabion stones make walls and landscaping elements aesthetically appealing while still being structurally sound. You can add a unique, rustic look to your garden by building a gabion wall or using gabion baskets as design elements.

Gabion baskets are the wire mesh used to contain your chosen material. You can choose different baskets to make the wall or decorative element, including varying sizes and even curved cages to create an interesting line. Most baskets are made of galvanized steel and are coated with Galfan to last up to fifty years. Gabion baskets come as kits that you can unfold and fill on your own.

Bestseller No. 1
simpa Decorative Landscaping Garden Driveway Aggregate Pebbles & Cobbles - Scottish 50-75mm - 20kg Bag
  • Make your landscaping dreams become a reality with our range of quality decorative pebbles and cobble stones.
  • Suitable for garden walkways or pathways, rockeries, ground cover, tree base covering and water features.
  • Great value multipurpose landscaping solution sold in 20kg bags.
  • Each 20kg bag typically covers approximately 0.16m² however this may vary dependent on application depth.
  • Choose from our range of pebble and cobble from Scottish, White, Black, Duck Egg, Flamingo Pebbles, Highland, Mediterranean varieties.
Bestseller No. 2
LuluDa White Pebbles Small Snow White Stones Natural Garden Stones Decorative Pebbles For Plant Pot Succulent Garden Aquariums Fish Tank (500g)
  • 【Great Decorative Stones】: Small white pebbles are natural pebbles, simple and natural. They will bring natural beauty to your decoration places and make them clean and nice. They are great decorations for garden, home, aquariums, etc.
  • 【Bring Natural Beauty】: Natural pebbles bring natural and simple beauty! Small white stones have wide applications. They can be used in many decoration places, such as potted plants, vase filler, fish tank, etc. These creative decorative stones can bring you the feeling of being in nature, very comfortable!
  • 【Good Covering】: Garden stones are good coverings. It can be covered on potted plants and garden beds, which can help soil retain moisture and provide good drainage. And also they can keep your decoration places clean and nice!
  • 【Natural Pebble Material】: Made of natural pebble material, decorative pebbles have no additional fillers, dyes, or oils, odorless, simple and natural. They have irregular shapes, large or small, round or off-set.
  • 【Wide Applications】: Snow white pebbles are suitable for decorating plant pots, planting bonsai, cactus plants, terrariums, succulent, etc. And also they can be widely used in water features, walkways, gardening, around swimming pools, aquariums, water gardens and ponds, etc. Excellent decorative stones, add beauty to your life!
Bestseller No. 3
SUNYOK 200pcs Glow in the Dark Pebbles Garden Glow Pebble Stones Luminous Decorative Stones Glow Pebbles for Garden Flower Pot Fish Tank Pathway,Blue
  • SAFETY MATERAIL: The glow in the dark pebbles are made of high-quality resin, durable, reusable, non-toxic, odorless, non-radioactive, fine workmanship and polishing, no sharp edges, you can safely decorate any place you want.
  • DIY CRAFTS:Take out the packaging, put the decorative stones in the sun or light, make sure that each pebbles can absorb light, and then glow in the dark. You can combine various patterns to add a touch of color to your DIY project.These Decorative Glow Stones are the perfect way to add a unique touch.
  • GLOWING STONES:At night,the Decorative Stones will emit light blue light, and can be placed on the edge of sidewalks or flower beds ,the color is bright and full of vitality, you can enjoy the feast of blue light in the dark, adding a dreamlike atmosphere to your decoration.
  • YOU WILL GET: 200pcs glow in the dark stones, packed in two bags, each bag contains 100 luminous resin pebbles. Sufficient quantity allows you to easily decorate potted plants, flower bed edges, road or driveway lighting, gardens, handicrafts, aquariums, etc.
  • PERFECT DECORATIVE GLOW STONES: Glow in the dark pebbles can be used as outdoor and indoor decoration, very suitable for decorating aquariums, fish tanks, vases, flower pots, swimming pools, gardens and yards, making your home and yard an exceptionally beautiful and attractive sanctuary.

Gabion walls as retaining walls are advantageous to use in multi-level gardens to keep areas separate. If you’re interested in installing gabion fencing, you’ll need to consult with a builder or engineer who has experience with this type of project. Gabion walls are built with two layers of fencing spaced some distance apart, so each fence must stay upright on its own and be strong enough not to topple over when filled with stones.

gabion cages reviews
Gabion stones

Advantages of Using Gabion Stones

  • Gabion walls are incredibly tough and built to last up to fifty years, compared to a fifteen- or twenty-year lifespan of wooden or chain link fencing.
  • The wire acts as extra reinforcement, not just the framework.
  • Building gabion walls doesn’t require much extra work compared to other fences.
  • Unlike brick walls, gabion walls are porous, so air and water flow through them instead of causing mold and damage.
  • Gabion structures are unique and more attractive than standard fencing.

Disadvantages of Using Gabion Stones

  • If you don’t buy galvanized steel wire, the gabion might start to rust after being exposed to the elements.
  • Gabion walls take up more space than wooden or chain-link fences because they are thicker.
  • It can be hard to replace rusted or damaged gabion wire.
  • If your stones are worn smooth, it will be difficult to replace what is worn, especially if it is at the bottom of the structure.

Materials

You can create a gabion by building a wire cage and filling it with stones of different sizes and colors. Gravel, decorative stones, or pieces of rock are some of the most popular options. You can fill gabions with tiles, broken bricks, or even elements from nature, like pine cones.

You should know what material you plan to fill your gabion with before building it, as different materials may require different thicknesses of wire. If you’re using gravel or pebbles, for instance, you’ll need a thinner mesh so the stones won’t slide out. If you’re using large stones, you’ll want sheet steel wire mesh with a thicker wire diameter to keep the wall structurally sound.

Not all stones are suitable to use in gabion baskets and walls. Think about size, shape, durability, temperature resistance, and pressure strength.

Bestseller No. 1
simpa Decorative Landscaping Garden Driveway Aggregate Pebbles & Cobbles - Scottish 50-75mm - 20kg Bag
  • Make your landscaping dreams become a reality with our range of quality decorative pebbles and cobble stones.
  • Suitable for garden walkways or pathways, rockeries, ground cover, tree base covering and water features.
  • Great value multipurpose landscaping solution sold in 20kg bags.
  • Each 20kg bag typically covers approximately 0.16m² however this may vary dependent on application depth.
  • Choose from our range of pebble and cobble from Scottish, White, Black, Duck Egg, Flamingo Pebbles, Highland, Mediterranean varieties.
Bestseller No. 2
LuluDa White Pebbles Small Snow White Stones Natural Garden Stones Decorative Pebbles For Plant Pot Succulent Garden Aquariums Fish Tank (500g)
  • 【Great Decorative Stones】: Small white pebbles are natural pebbles, simple and natural. They will bring natural beauty to your decoration places and make them clean and nice. They are great decorations for garden, home, aquariums, etc.
  • 【Bring Natural Beauty】: Natural pebbles bring natural and simple beauty! Small white stones have wide applications. They can be used in many decoration places, such as potted plants, vase filler, fish tank, etc. These creative decorative stones can bring you the feeling of being in nature, very comfortable!
  • 【Good Covering】: Garden stones are good coverings. It can be covered on potted plants and garden beds, which can help soil retain moisture and provide good drainage. And also they can keep your decoration places clean and nice!
  • 【Natural Pebble Material】: Made of natural pebble material, decorative pebbles have no additional fillers, dyes, or oils, odorless, simple and natural. They have irregular shapes, large or small, round or off-set.
  • 【Wide Applications】: Snow white pebbles are suitable for decorating plant pots, planting bonsai, cactus plants, terrariums, succulent, etc. And also they can be widely used in water features, walkways, gardening, around swimming pools, aquariums, water gardens and ponds, etc. Excellent decorative stones, add beauty to your life!
Bestseller No. 3
SUNYOK 200pcs Glow in the Dark Pebbles Garden Glow Pebble Stones Luminous Decorative Stones Glow Pebbles for Garden Flower Pot Fish Tank Pathway,Blue
  • SAFETY MATERAIL: The glow in the dark pebbles are made of high-quality resin, durable, reusable, non-toxic, odorless, non-radioactive, fine workmanship and polishing, no sharp edges, you can safely decorate any place you want.
  • DIY CRAFTS:Take out the packaging, put the decorative stones in the sun or light, make sure that each pebbles can absorb light, and then glow in the dark. You can combine various patterns to add a touch of color to your DIY project.These Decorative Glow Stones are the perfect way to add a unique touch.
  • GLOWING STONES:At night,the Decorative Stones will emit light blue light, and can be placed on the edge of sidewalks or flower beds ,the color is bright and full of vitality, you can enjoy the feast of blue light in the dark, adding a dreamlike atmosphere to your decoration.
  • YOU WILL GET: 200pcs glow in the dark stones, packed in two bags, each bag contains 100 luminous resin pebbles. Sufficient quantity allows you to easily decorate potted plants, flower bed edges, road or driveway lighting, gardens, handicrafts, aquariums, etc.
  • PERFECT DECORATIVE GLOW STONES: Glow in the dark pebbles can be used as outdoor and indoor decoration, very suitable for decorating aquariums, fish tanks, vases, flower pots, swimming pools, gardens and yards, making your home and yard an exceptionally beautiful and attractive sanctuary.

The most common stones used are granite, sandstone, or quartzite. They may come in any shape, but rounded or rectangular stones will fill the gabion best. These stones can also come in any size, and you can mix and match large and small stones. There is no need to perfectly fit the stones together because there needs to be space for air and water to flow through.

Amount of Stones Needed

You’ll order the rocks needed to fill a gabion basket in cubed meters, so you have to calculate the volume of your basket first. Multiply the basket’s width, height, and depth to get the volume. For example, a 500 mm cube would be 500 x 500 x 500 – 0.125 m3. You would need 0.125 cubed meters of rock to fill your basket. Then you will have to divide that measurement by the size of the stones you want to use.

If you’re unsure of the math, you can use an online Gabion Stone Calculator.

Gabion stones used as seating and tables

Cost

The cost of gabion stone structures can vary widely depending on what you’re building. For example, you’ll need assistance and more materials to build a gabion fence instead of using baskets for your wall. The price of the wire also depends on the quality and how much you need.

You’ll also have to consider the price of the filler stones. If you’re building a tall, wide wall, you might consider using bricks or attractive stones for the exterior while filling the inside with smaller, cheaper materials.

Bestseller No. 1
simpa Decorative Landscaping Garden Driveway Aggregate Pebbles & Cobbles - Scottish 50-75mm - 20kg Bag
  • Make your landscaping dreams become a reality with our range of quality decorative pebbles and cobble stones.
  • Suitable for garden walkways or pathways, rockeries, ground cover, tree base covering and water features.
  • Great value multipurpose landscaping solution sold in 20kg bags.
  • Each 20kg bag typically covers approximately 0.16m² however this may vary dependent on application depth.
  • Choose from our range of pebble and cobble from Scottish, White, Black, Duck Egg, Flamingo Pebbles, Highland, Mediterranean varieties.
Bestseller No. 2
LuluDa White Pebbles Small Snow White Stones Natural Garden Stones Decorative Pebbles For Plant Pot Succulent Garden Aquariums Fish Tank (500g)
  • 【Great Decorative Stones】: Small white pebbles are natural pebbles, simple and natural. They will bring natural beauty to your decoration places and make them clean and nice. They are great decorations for garden, home, aquariums, etc.
  • 【Bring Natural Beauty】: Natural pebbles bring natural and simple beauty! Small white stones have wide applications. They can be used in many decoration places, such as potted plants, vase filler, fish tank, etc. These creative decorative stones can bring you the feeling of being in nature, very comfortable!
  • 【Good Covering】: Garden stones are good coverings. It can be covered on potted plants and garden beds, which can help soil retain moisture and provide good drainage. And also they can keep your decoration places clean and nice!
  • 【Natural Pebble Material】: Made of natural pebble material, decorative pebbles have no additional fillers, dyes, or oils, odorless, simple and natural. They have irregular shapes, large or small, round or off-set.
  • 【Wide Applications】: Snow white pebbles are suitable for decorating plant pots, planting bonsai, cactus plants, terrariums, succulent, etc. And also they can be widely used in water features, walkways, gardening, around swimming pools, aquariums, water gardens and ponds, etc. Excellent decorative stones, add beauty to your life!
Bestseller No. 3
SUNYOK 200pcs Glow in the Dark Pebbles Garden Glow Pebble Stones Luminous Decorative Stones Glow Pebbles for Garden Flower Pot Fish Tank Pathway,Blue
  • SAFETY MATERAIL: The glow in the dark pebbles are made of high-quality resin, durable, reusable, non-toxic, odorless, non-radioactive, fine workmanship and polishing, no sharp edges, you can safely decorate any place you want.
  • DIY CRAFTS:Take out the packaging, put the decorative stones in the sun or light, make sure that each pebbles can absorb light, and then glow in the dark. You can combine various patterns to add a touch of color to your DIY project.These Decorative Glow Stones are the perfect way to add a unique touch.
  • GLOWING STONES:At night,the Decorative Stones will emit light blue light, and can be placed on the edge of sidewalks or flower beds ,the color is bright and full of vitality, you can enjoy the feast of blue light in the dark, adding a dreamlike atmosphere to your decoration.
  • YOU WILL GET: 200pcs glow in the dark stones, packed in two bags, each bag contains 100 luminous resin pebbles. Sufficient quantity allows you to easily decorate potted plants, flower bed edges, road or driveway lighting, gardens, handicrafts, aquariums, etc.
  • PERFECT DECORATIVE GLOW STONES: Glow in the dark pebbles can be used as outdoor and indoor decoration, very suitable for decorating aquariums, fish tanks, vases, flower pots, swimming pools, gardens and yards, making your home and yard an exceptionally beautiful and attractive sanctuary.

You can make stones by using materials you might have leftover from other house projects. If you have extra tile after redoing your bathroom, you can use those tiles in your gabion. You can also use bricks leftover from a project or removed from a previous flowerbed or garden. This is a great way to reuse existing materials while also drastically reducing the cost of building a gabion structure.

Suppliers

  • GabionSupply has tons of supplies for building your gabion, including unique deco-glass blocks. The site also has tips and video tutorials.
  • GabionenShop has an extensive offering of stone like marble, limestone, quartz, granite, and more. There are also many colors available.
  • StoneDecorative has an excellent selection of polished and semi-polished stones, as well as slate chippings and gravel.

Design Ideas

There are different styles of gabion baskets to consider as you build your structure, including different coatings, sizes, and wire diameters. Design ideas for the gabion stones can also vary depending on the purpose of your structure. If you want a strong retaining wall, you might not care what it looks like, whereas if you want to add some charm to your garden, you might have a specific aesthetic in mind. 

You might want to use large, sturdy stones to make your wall look solid and secure. If you’re building a gabion structure for practicality and aesthetic purposes, you can explore a variety of materials depending on how you want your garden to look.

You can use attractive decorative stones to fill your gabion baskets and brighten your garden’s overall look. You might prefer to keep your structure natural and use elements like pinecones and acorns to give a rustic look to your gabion. This guide to gabion stones, along with inspirational ideas, should help you add appeal to your garden with gabions decorating raised beds, fire pits, and benches.